More Than Love on the Horizon


More Than Love on the Horizon

After four weeks, lots of conversations and translations, hard work, and even some tears, we installed the More Than Love on the Horizon exhibition. We opened the show featuring my hologram project and the work of six community artists at Nha San Collective to an enthusiastic audience of over 200 people.

Among our honored guests, Michele Peregrin from U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Shamsher Virk from ZERO1, and U.S. Ambassador to Vietnam, Ted Osius.

Michele Peregrin, Shamsher Virk, and Ted Osius

Left to right: Michele Peregrin, U.S. Department of State; Shamsher Virk, Zero1; Ted Osius, U.S. Ambassador to Vietnam. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

We even had an Asian American Queer delegation from Los Angeles. Well, not an official delegation, but I was thrilled that my friends flew in from Los Angeles to show support.

Asian American Queer delegation from LA

Left to right: Alicy Y. Hom, Stephanie Syd Yang, Erin O'Brien, Vera Miao, Y Thuan La. Photo courtesy of Alice Y. Hom.

But honestly, the most distinguished guest at our opening event was my mom. I’m sure when I came out to her 22 years ago, she had no idea what the future would hold for me. I can only hope I have made her proud with this opportunity to come back to her country and work with local LGBTQ community to tell their stories.

The artist and her mother

The artist and her mother, Marguerite Ngoc O'Brien and Erin O'Brien. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

I loved that my mom came to help out. She cooked for the community artists while they were installing and even helped with the art installation.

When she met the Ambassador, her words were particularly evocative for me. My mom, the wife of a career Foreign Service Officer and mother of an openly queer daughter, leaned over and said to Ambassador Osius, one of only five openly gay Ambassadors in the U.S. State Department, "We have been waiting a long time for you."

Ted Osius, Marguerite Ngoc O'Brien, Clayton Bond, Erin O'Brien, Linh Phan

Left to right: U.S Ambassador to Vietnam Ted Osius, Marguerite Ngoc O'Brien, Husband of U.S Ambassador Clayton Bond, Artist Erin O'Brien, Creative Producer Linh Phan. Photo courtesy of the artist.

In my remarks, my first thank you went out to the U.S Department of State. Thanks to the U.S. Department of State, my parents met, married, and made me. Years later, as a Fulbright Fellow, I was afforded the opportunity to meet many of the contemporary artists in Vietnam, a crucial step for my development as an artist post graduate school. The connections I made during my Fulbright were vital in the production of this project. Now, as an American Arts Incubator artist, I was able to return to Vietnam to complete this project that for me, as a Queer Mixed Race Vietnamese American woman, is so close to my heart. I was able to take my experience as an artist and community organizer and engage in social practice — facilitating workshops with LGBTQ community members to incubate creative strategies that address LGBTQ visibility and equality in Vietnam. Everything has come full circle for me.

I’m so proud of the work our community artists contributed to exploring LGBTQ visibility. Here are the projects and some photos from the opening party.

Community Artists Project Installations in the Gallery 

Photographs and video installation by Bùi Hoàng Long

Photographs and video installation by Bùi Hoàng Long. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

Bùi Hoàng Long – Hanoi LoveHANOI LOVE

 is a video series depicting stories of love and acceptance from the LGBTQ community and their families, friends, and lovers. The series shows that people identifying as LGBTQ are children, friends, and family members, who are the same as everybody else and should not be excluded from society.

READ MORE about Hanoi Love

Follow Long's work on Humans of Hanoi.

Check out some of these powerful videos:


Mapping queer Hanoi 1Mapping queer Hanoi 2Mapping queer Hanoi 3

Nhung Đinh stands in front of her maps of Hanoi which trace the historic, social, and political history of LGBTQ Vietnam. Photo by Erin O'Brien.

Đinh Nhung - Mapping Queer Hanoi

Nhung has mapped queer spaces in Hanoi that are personal but also communal, especially of the older generation living in Hanoi. By making this map, Nhung wanted to learn more about hidden personal histories and create an opportunities for those stories and histories to be shared and made visible. Ultimately, sharing the connections and memory maps of different special places in Hanoi, she hopes we expand our love to each other and to the city.

READ MORE about Mapping Queer Hanoi

Nhung talks process

Nhung talks about her process of mapping queer spaces in Hanoi. Photo by Erin O'Brien.

You can find a deeper interactive experience of Nhung's maps with "then and now" photos of some of the spaces she has mapped around the city. She is continuing to add content.

Q.T. #.14 zineartist talk about zine making processzines displayed in the gallery

Zines display. Artists Ian Quee and Quyen Quyen talking about the making of their zine. Photo courtesy of Nha San Collective.
Zines hanging. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

Ian Quee and Quyên Quyên - Ế

Ian and Quyên make “Ế”, a queer art and literary zine. As queers, they reject the notion that a straight relationship and its trappings (marriage, nuclear family, male-female roles, etc.) are the “default." They convey this message through original and curated art, photography, short stories, poetry, and pop culture reviews.

READ MORE about “Ế”

Zine making station

Zine making station where anyone can make their own zine. Photo by Erin O'Brien.

Check out the entire zine 

and download your own copy.

lgbtq shelter record and listen to lgbtq stories

Oanh oversees Shelter of LGBTQ, outside you can listen to stories of LGBTQ people and inside you can record your own story. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

Vũ Kiều Oanh – Shelter of LGBTQ

"Vùng an toàn rộng mở - Shelter of LGBTQ," initiated by Vu Kieu Oanh and Group 6+ is collecting stories waiting to be heard. Stories by members of the LGBTQ community who suffered abuse and encountered prejudice in the past but still respect and love themselves. The stories are presented as audio files and Oanh has built a “safe shelter” which resembles a public booth in which members of the audience to recount and record their own stories.

READ MORE about Shelter of LGBTQ

Attendee listens to lgbtq stories

Attendee listens to LGBTQ narratives. Photo by Yen Nguyen.
Record storiesPeople can record written or audio stories. Photo courtesy of Nha San Collective.

Keep up to date with LGBTQ events in Hanoi by following 6+ on Facebook.


Duy displays his #VNLGBTQ247 hashtag campaign and installation. Photo courtesy of Duy Quang Nguyen.

Nguyễn Quang Duy - #VNLGBTQ247

#VNLGBTQ247 uses photos taken and provided by the Vietnamese LGBTQ to tell stories about their everyday life. The project utilizes digital tools, cameras, and smart phones, which most people have these days to record the moments and social media including Facebook and Instagram to spread the word.


printing selfies

At the opening people could have their hashtagged photos printed and posted on the wall. Photo courtesy of Nha San Collective.

everyone clamoring to have their photo taken and hashtagged

Everyone was clamoring to have their pictures take, hastagged, printed and posted. Photo by Yen Nguyen.
Ambassador Ted Osius and husband Clayton BondEven Ambassador Osius and his husband Clayton Bond hop in on the hashtag action. Photo by Duy Quang Nguyen.

Keep tabs on this campign to show LGBTQ life in Vietnam by liking the page and following #VNLGBTQ247 on Facebook and Instagram.


Images from the #diemchamcauvong visibility campaign. Photo courtesy of Nha San Collective.

Lê Đức Anh - Điểm Chạm Cầu Vồng

“Touched by the Rainbow” is an action campaign to increase the visibility of the LGBTQ community in Vietnam to eliminate the gap between the LGBTQ community and mainstream society. By creating the hashtag #diemchamcauvong (“touched by the rainbow”) Anh hopes members of the LGBTQ community and their supporters can share spaces where they feel free and comfortable.

READ MORE about #diemchamcauvong

#diemchamcauvong hashtag

You can follow the hashtag campaign on Facebook and Instagram.

Find #diemchamcauvong on Facebook and Instagram.

documentation of process

Documentation of the process by Yen Nguyen. Photo by Alice Y. Hom.

Yen Nguyen - Documentation of the Process

We are so fortunate to have had the indomitable Yen Nguyen documenting our whole process from beginning to end. She was integral to our workshop process, holgram film shoot, work with community artists. Her photos of the incubator and process frame the entire project.

documentation of process installationdocumentation of the processdocumentation of process

Documentation of a process. Photo narrative installation by Yen Nguyen. Wall text by Erin O'Brien. Photos courtesy of Nha San Collective.

hologram of trans youth in hanoi

Hologram installation by artist Genevieve Erin O'Brien. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

More Than Love on the Horizon: Queer Projections.

And last but not least my own project, More Than Love on the Horizon: Queer Projections. In thinking about how to project an image of Queer Vietnamese to increase visibility and further Vietnamese LGBTQ equality, I thought about ways that images are projected. I thought about holograms. Holograms have both optical presence and special quality as they mix reflections with the scene beyond. Holograms are a “window with memory." Holograms are visually complex and multidimensional and challenge our perceptions. Holograms illustrate the Queer space-time continuum in that they are a projection of how the past imagined the future, but in the present time. Princess Leia and her hologram message inspired me, and to be honest, Princess Leia was one of my first crushes. In the past, Star Wars projected in idea of what the future would look like. I chose to use the past’s version of the future’s technology, holograms, to record the present and imagine what an LGBTQ future for Vietnam might look like. The holograms operate as a way to telegraph and transmit an image of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Queer Vietnamese. Holograms also serve as a metaphor for queer desire. These holograms also make these images of LGBTQ Vietnamese accessible to those who may not see this community in a critical mass and highlight those who get to participate in a glittery ghostly presence.

hologram installation by Genevieve Erin O'Brienhologram installation by Genevieve Erin O'Brienhologram installation

Hologram installation by artist Genevieve Erin O'Brien. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

Using DIY holograms, I project the future while figuring the past and centering LGBTQ Vietnamese in the present. Selections of the holograms were installed in the gallery space. The collection of hologram videos can be accessed via the website and here are the instructions to make your own DIY hologram projector.

directions for making hologram

DIY Hologram projector instructions. Designed by Linh Phan.

I was humbled to hear these stories of everyday life of LGBTQ Vietnamese. I was honored to be able to share their dreams, and their own projections of what Queer Vietnamese future would look like. I was moved to bear witness to these narratives of courage and resistance. One participant spoke of her experience as a transgender woman. To build community and create visibility, she and a few other trans women started a group -- Ruby Girls -- and started doing fashion shows at cafes. One time, during one of the Ruby Girls fashion shows, the police raided. Out of concern for her friend, the café owner, who she knew was not out, she offered herself instead. When the police loaded her into the paddywagon they insisted that she sit down. She shared that, in an act of resistance, she refused their orders. She stood in all her glamour in the back of the truck refusing to sit. She knew they weren’t doing anything wrong or illegal by having these fashion shows. She also wanted to there to be some public accountability, so that people would see that she was being arrested and they would know where she was in the event she was “disappeared” a fate that has befallen numerous bloggers and advocates for democracy in Vietnam.

Make your own hologram projector to watch this story on your smartphone or tablet. Video by Erin O'Brien.

The centerpiece of my project was an upbeat dance piece featuring LGBTQ Vietnamese community dancing along to the song Amazing by Hi Fashion. The song really spoke to me as a queer Vietnamese American woman. That no matter what judgements others may hold about us, as Queer, gender queer, transgender people we are “amazing.” With that spirit we can be courageous and bold and fabulous.

More Than Love on the Horizon: Queer Projections centerpiece Hologram video. Video by Erin O'Brien. Song "Amazing" by Hi Fashion.

Indeed, we may have been too fabulous for Vietnam, our show was shut down by the Cultural Police the very next morning. Maybe they were mad they didn't get an invitation to the partay. But, seriously, censorship is still a major issue in Vietnam and, in the shadow of the 30/4 Liberation holiday, the goverment often extends its net of power as widely as possible. Most unconventional ideas, resistance to the status quo, democracy activists and bloggers get caught in the party net - an illustration of the well deserved scrutiny of Vietnam's government for Human Rights abuses. But we remain courageous and bold and, well, everything is online! All the projects and videos are housed on the website:

The hashtag campaigns continue.The Vietnamese LGBTQ community is gaining visibility and hopefully equality follows suit. Because we know we’re amazing.

Thanks and Glittering Gratitude

This whole project could not have been possible without the help of many people, most of whom are not self-identified LGBTQ. These people took time to dedicate to the success of not just our workshops, my hologram project, the community artist projects and opening night, but to invest in the future of LGBTQ Vietnamese. We are so grateful to our allies in the movement.

creative crew for More Than Love on the Horizon

Allies in the movement for LGBTQ equality and creative production team for More Than Love on the Horizon. Left to right: Thanh Nguyen, Erin O'Brien, Fabiola Bunchele, Maia Do, Marguerite Ngoc O'Brien, Linh Phan, Bill Nguyen. Photo courtesy of the artist.

A great big thank you to all those who helped pull this project together. A complete list of those we owe deep gratitude is on our site.

The excerpts from artist statements in this blog post were written by the community artists themselves with translation by Maia Dao and editing by Bill Nguyen.

We just wrapped our Community Panel Review and, wow, I can’t believe this... I was worried we wouldn’t have enough interest, but instead of four proposals we had six! The house was packed with community members and artists. The panelists were so thrilled today to hear the proposals for the creative community projects, each proposing to highlight the issue of LGBTQ visibility and equality in Vietnam in a unique way. Much gratitude to our partners Nhà Sàn Collective and U.S. Embassy in Hanoi, the Exchange Programs - U.S. Department of State and ZERO1 for creating such a successful event. Thank you to our amazing panelists Clayton BondNguyễn Quốc ThànhTruong Que Chi, and Tran Phuong Thao for such insightful feedback for the artists. Extra special thank yous to our producer Linh Phan and Production Assistant Maia Do for making it all happen! And to the translators facilitating mutual understanding -- not always an easy task. Super loud shout out to our fabulous photographer Yen Nguyen for documenting the afternoon. I can't wait to see all the projects come into being, and to share the experience of LGBTQ life in Vietnam at our Aprill 22nd exhibition at Nha San Collective.

Community panel

Community Panel reviews the project pitches. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

Full house

A full house. Literally every chair was filled. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

More photos of the panel can be seen in this Facebook album.

Here are the community artists who will be working hard in the next two weeks to highlight the visibility of LGBTQ community in Vietnam.

Community artists

Community artists selected by the Community panel for small grants. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

Meet our community artists and their projects:


Bùi Hoàng Long. Photy by Yen Nguyen.

Bùi Hoàng Long

Hoang Long is an independent filmmaker and a photographer who has a keen interest in community engagement projects. He has over 2 years of experience working as a social worker helping street children and the homeless in Hanoi. His works revolve around the lives of vulnerable people in the society with the desire to give them a voice.

Bùi Hoàng Long’s project "HANOI LOVE" shares beautiful messages about LGBTQ love in Hanoi. And just like any other types of love, it has its own distinct qualities.



Đinh Nhung. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

Đinh Nhung

Nhung Dinh graduated from Clark University, USA in 2013 with a master degree in International Development for Social Change, is one of the main curators and organizers of the “Unstraight” exhibitions in Vietnam, “The Cabinet” (Hanoi of March 2015), and “Love, Pain and History” (Saigon, April 2011). In 2015, Nhung was a consultant of several projects including collecting stories and making an online queer archive in Vietnam, as well as LGBTQ exhibitions and archive projects in Cambodia, Serbia, and Russia. She collected stories of transgender people’s livelihood options and HIV risks in Vietnam in September 2015.

One of Nhung’s story-collecting methods, which she has been using consistently since 2010, is to invite communities to create art works inspired by their life experiences and tell their stories that relate to sexuality and violence as well as several taboo and sensitive topics. Currently she leads a Vagina Talks project and is working on a Vietnamese queer lexicon.

Đinh Thị Nhung's project "Vừa đi vừa kể // Roadside Stories" creates a map of queer space, time, and feelings. This is a part of her ongoing project of archiving queer culture in Vietnam.



Vũ Kiều Oanh. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

Vũ Kiều Oanh

Oanh Kieu, based in Hanoi, is interested in the culture of the LGBT community, sexual health, and Mother goddess religion. In 2012, she made an over 2,000km cycling trip across Vietnam to bring a message of support for LGBT community. She is a founding member of 6+ (six plus) - an independent organization that connects the LGBT community and supports their health. She holds meetings to share knowledge about sexual diversity at universities and organizations. She also provides psychological counseling for LGBT people and PFLAG. She is a mentor of one of their programs to develop the leadership capacity of young LGBT people and activities in the other regions. From 2013 to date, she has been a core member of the organizing committee of VietPride - the largest pride festival for the LGBT community in Vietnam.

Shelter for LGBTQ:

Vũ Kiều Oanh and Group 6+ are inviting members of the LGBTQ community to share their experiences, points of view and desires, to expand the safe queer universe of their project "Vùng an toàn rộng mở - Shelter for LGBTQ". In that shelter, voices are heard and stories of abuse, prejudice, and love are waiting to be shared.


Ian and Quyen

Ian Quee and Quyên Nguyễn. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

Ian Quee and Quyên Nguyễn

Quyên Quyên and Ian Quee met at an LGBTQ visibility workshop in Hanoi and decided to make a zine together. It’s a collection of comics, poetry, low-key art and film reviews. The first issue is titled Ế/Unsold and deals with gender and identity questions/thoughts/jokes.

Ian Quee is trained in the science of psychology. In reality, it's part of his scheme of becoming a better artist.

Quyên Quyên studies a mixed bag of literature and art history at Stanford University.



Nguyễn Quang Duy. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

Nguyễn Quang Duy

Quang Duy is 30 years old and holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Economics. With his project called “VNLGBTQ247” he is looking to maximize the visibility of the LGBTQ community all over Hanoi as well as the rest of Vietnam. By inviting people to participate in taking photos, checking in on Instagram, and sharing posts on Facebook using hashtag #VNLGBTQ247, he intends to provide society with a better and closer look at the life of the LGBTQ community.

Nguyễn Quang Duy is launching a social media project. The project titled "#vnlgbtq247" will fill their Facebook page with images depicting everyday life of LGBTQ people with the hashtag #VNLGBTQ247.


Duc Anh

Lê Đức Anh. Photo by Yen Nguyen.

Lê Đức Anh

Le Duc Anh is currently a student at Hanoi University of Social Sciences and Humanities. His project “Touched by the Rainbow” is an action campaign to maximize the visibility of the LGBTQ community in Hanoi through Instagram. By showing short video clips made by members of the community, we hope to eliminate prejudice and homophobia.

Lê Đức Anh’s social media project "Touched by the Rainbow // Điểm chạm cầu vồng" records the LGBTQ landscape with short video clips made by members of the LGBTQ community that are then posted on Instagram and Facebook with the hashtag #diemchoncaucong





An Endeavor in Failure

Having arrived in Hanoi, we had only one day to settle in and wrap up any loose ends for pre-production. We lost our production assistant and workshop location space at the last minute and were scrambling to do location scouting. As I always say, if you aim for failure you can only succeed. We were starting at a loss so it could only get better. Gratefully, we found a space in the same building as Nha San Collective on the top floor. The [REC] Room is a music space just opened by a really tall Danish expat, Jørn Wind, and a Vietnamese musician, Trang Le, but her nickname is Chuoi (banana). They are hosting sound experiments and punk rock bands and other music. With a wide open area and movable walls, the space worked out for our workshops AND as a space to film my hologram project.

REC Room

[REC] Room Space. Photo courtesy of the artist.

Really Queer

We had a small but eager turnout for my artist talk on Friday. Nha San Collective hosted the talk in their space. I showed some of my work, posing the questions: What makes art Queer? Is the artwork Queer because I am a Queer-identified artist? Is the artwork Queer if it figures Queer people as the subjects? Is artwork Queer if it queers our understanding of the dominant landscape in some way?

Really wonderful questions about the artistic process and themes of “failure” and the “Queer horizon.”

Artist talk Powerpoint still

Artist Talk. Photo courtesy of the artist.

We wrapped up our week of workshops with local LGBTQ participants in Hanoi reflecting on the many challenges encountered; some we were able to resolve and some remained. We had such a strong showing in our workshop enrollment numbers and yet actual turnout was about 60%. I’m told these are good numbers for Hanoi but it’s frustrating when people seem excited, they go through the steps of registering and even with follow up emails, reminder phone calls and texts end up not showing up. I'm sure there are many reasons why. I can't help but wonder if it has to do with the sensitivity of the topic. Although, it simply may be unusual culturally for Vietnamese to take a week to participate in a workshop, even if it is free. It is my understanding after talking to many people that in Vietnam it is often expected that workshop participants are paid for their time. (I wish I could get paid to go to workshops.)

Participants arriving

Participants ariving for the workshop. Photo courtesy of the artist.

Queerly Real

It has been wonderful to meet LGBTQ activists and community members here in Hanoi. I am learning so much about the contemporary issues that the community faces, both the struggles and the joys. The group of participants is fairly young; the average age is about 21. We are all getting to know each other and exploring the issues in the community together.

Participants in a pile

Workshop participants in a pile. Photo courtesy of the artist.

We spent quite a bit of time mapping the landscape of LGBTQ Vietnam and while Vietnam has made some recent advances including decriminalizing same-sex marriage and legislating some protections for Transgender rights, there is much that has yet to change. The biggest change ahead is social -- the cultural and gender norms and expectations here make it incredibly challenging for LGBTQ Vietnamese.

Participants brainstorming

Particpants brainstorming in small groups. Photo courtesy of the artist.

Participants talked about a variety of issues that go beyond same-sex marriage, including lack of sex education, lack of job protections, access to healthcare, bathroom accessibility, and other issues that affect the community. Many particpants felt strongly about having a family and were concerned about what their options might be for the future.

Participants talking LGBTQ issues

Workshop participants talking about issues faced by the LGBTQ community in Vietnam. Photo courtesy of the artist.

As we got to know one another in these workshops, I could tell participants were clearly feeling outside their comfort zones. Most people don’t run around the room making animal noises or moving like their favorite food. My approach to performance is not a familiar one to many people in the U.S., let alone here in Vietnam!

I am looking forward to working with the workshop participants to identify creative solutions to the issues they have detailed. I am looking forward to queering the landscape with this community.

I write this from the plane en route to Hanoi to kick off the Vietnam Arts Incubator program. As with all pre-production, just when you think you have everything together, some things fall apart. I have the most amazing producer on the ground handling the details, like securing translators, a production assistant, a director of photography, and location scouting. Some things fell apart before I got on the plane but, when I land, I know everything will all fall together.

My carry-on handbag is full of electronics — iPads, tablets, iPhones, Androids, and a couple Kindles. I spent the past few days driving around Los Angeles trading 2 gallons of homemade kombucha, sea salt caramels, and my goodwill for the use of these electronics for our exhibition at Nha San Collective at the end of the month.

Tablets, iPhones, iPads, and Androids, 2016. Photo by G. E. O'Brien.

Electronics, 2016. Photo by G. E. O'Brien.

I’m excited to put these to use in the exhibition as displays for the holograms we will create. Gallery visitors also will be able to pull up the hologram videos on their own devices from our website. The DIY hologram projectors convert smartphones and tablets into mini hologram projectors, making visible the Vietnamese LGBTQ community in Hanoi.

Before I left Los Angeles, I prototyped a smaller, lighter DIY hologram projector for the project. These new prototypes are made with overhead transparency paper and can be cut more precisely and faster using scissors instead fighting the CD case plastic with an exacto blade. This new DIY hologram projector is lighter, pliable, and portable and can be made in less than 5 minutes.

DIY hologram projector instructional video, 2016. Photo by G. E. O'Brien.

As soon as I touch down, I will have to start running. The enthusiasm for the Vietnam Arts Incubator project has been demonstrable. I’m beside myself knowing that there are over 40 LGBTQ participants registered for the workshops I will be facilitating. Glancing through the registrations there are gays, lesbians, queer identified, and a few transgender participants. I’m learning new terms and surprised how many folks identify as queer.

Gay - Đồng tính nam

Lesbian - Đồng tính nữ

Bisexual - Song tính

Transgender - Người chuyển giới

Queer – Queer

Participant breakdown

Workshop participant response to a question about how they identify.

I am hoping that the workshops will be not only engaging and transformative for the participants but also generative. Out of this week of workshops, participants will develop projects that creatively engage LGBTQ visibility and equality in Vietnam using a digital media platform. Four of these proposals will be the recipients of small grants to carry out their own projects.

Meanwhile, I will be filming participants and community members to create holograms. We have to do this all very quickly because, as it turns out, in order to put all the work in the April 22nd exhibition we have to get all the finished projects submitted to government censors a week before they’re made public.

Update: I have landed in Hanoi and would you believe, unbeknownst to me, the apartment we are staying at is called “Rainbow Building.” Serendipity!

As I gear up for this project in Vietnam, I presented my project proposal to my fellow ZERO1 artists, the U.S. State Department's Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, ZERO1 staff, ZERO1 board members, and expert mentors from the tech field. This was the first pass in actualizing my idea for a project that will highlight LGBTQ visibility in Vietnam.
In thinking about how to project an image of contemporary LGBTQ community in Vietnam, I considered ways we can transmit images and messages. I thought, wouldn’t it be cool to have little holograms that tell their own stories? My hope is to build little mini DIY hologram projectors using just an old CD case or piece of plastic. With special videos you can play on your smartphone, we can project a holographic image. When I get to Vietnam, I will be recording videos of Vietnamese LGBTQ community members and transforming these videos into hologram videos that will be visible using the DIY hologram projector device.
This week, I received vital feedback about how to expand the project in terms of scale and presentation. I also got to test out the prototype with a little help from Princess Leia.
Hologram Project Prototype, 2016. Photo by G. E. O'Brien

It worked! I was able to make the DIY projector device in about 30 minutes with just recycled plastic, an exact-o knife, some tape, and a ruler. Our esteemed mentors were just as excited as I am about this simple DIY technology as a way to share the voices of Vietnam’s LGBTQ community.

I am looking forward to collectively identifying and creating strategies to amplify these stories. To reflect on contemporary LGBTQ Vietnam and what an imagined future could look like for the community, I hope to ask project participants to share their visions for Queer Vietnam’s Future.


For me, as a Queer Vietnamese American Woman in the diaspora, the issue of LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer) rights has always been vital to my survival and existence. I have had to navigate my queerness in the context of my identity as an American, as mixed race, and as a transnational Viet Kieu (overseas Vietnamese). When I came out in the early 90s there was no one to look to in order to see myself, in the US or in Vietnam. In the U.S., visibility of LGBTQ community was sparse and there certainly weren’t out queer Asian Americans, much less Vietnamese people that I could relate to. I took it upon myself to be as visible and out as possible.

Over the years in my travels to Vietnam, I have always sought out LGBTQ Vietnamese. Over a decade after coming out, I had to navigate my queerness delicately when I traveled. After my trip to Vietnam in 2003, I wrote a bit about my search for folks like myself. Here is a link to the soundcloud from the Whitney Biennial SAIC Free radio that details my story.

Twenty years after coming out, I remember sitting in a cafe in Saigon in June of 2013, with my Viet Kieu Queer friend celebrating the overturning of DOMA (Defense of Marriage Act) in the U.S. We sat and cried by ourselves. No one to share our joy with as we witnessed the slow roll towards equality in our home country. Fast forward to July 2015 when the U.S. Supreme Court overturned bans against same-sex marriage nationwide in the U.S., hashtags of #lovewins and #vietnamnext exploded across Vietnamese social media.

Vietnamese LGBTQ celebrate

Vietnamese LGBTQ celebrate SCOTUS ruling with impromptu march down Nguyen Que in Ho Chi Minh City. Photo credit Thảo Minh Huỳnh ICS Vietnam.

In the recent years, I have watched the shifts in the political landscape in Vietnam from afar, and it has been incredibly emotional. In 2012, one of the initial precursors to the contemporary LGBTQ movement was a flash mob organized to happen simultaneously in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon). I was moved to tears watching the LGBTQ flash mobs in Hanoi and Saigon. It was so compelling to see young Vietnamese LGBTQ people out and proud - waving rainbow flags. Here were all the people I had been looking for since I came out over 20 years ago. This movement of LGBTQ Vietnamese is incredibly young, and seems to be driven by young people under the age of 20 - young enough to be my own children! It gives me enormous pride to watch these LGBTQ developments in Vietnam. There are many new LGBTQ organizations that have sprung up in the past few years since I returned from Vietnam. Some of the organizations include Viet Pride and ICS and iSEE PFLAG and most recently Queer Forever. In 2013, the first ever Pride events took place in Vietnam, a small gathering and parade on motorbikes in both Saigon and Hanoi, now an annual event with elaborate shows and performances.

First Viet Pride 2013

First Viet Pride 2013. Photo credit Nguyen Huy Kham Reuters.

I am looking forward to meeting LGBTQ Vietnamese in Hanoi and creating a space for visibility through digital media. While I know the recent enfranchisement of LGBTQ offers some legal protections, it is far from acceptance. As an artist, I want to offer a platform for the stories of Vietnamese LGBTQ in this time of change. I want to document their stories. I want to create a space for these young people to tell their own stories, and create visibility, which in early stages of LGBTQ movements is essential and vital to success of the transformation, LGBTQ people, and all people, in Vietnam and beyond.

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